Carta estratigrafica

Carta estratigrafica

Famennian

Givetian Eifelian

Lochkovian Pragian

Frasnian Emsian

Ludfordian Gorstian Homerian Sheinwoodian

Telychian Aeronian Rhuddanian

P h a n e r o z o i cP a l e o z o i c

Pridoli Ludlow

Wenlock

Llandovery

Upper Middle

Lower Devonian

411.2 ±2.8 416.0 ±2.8

422.9 ±2.5 428.2 ±2.3

Lopingian Guadalupian

Cisuralian

Upper

Upper Middle

Middle Lower

Lower

Upper

Upper Middle

Middle Lower

Lower

P h a n e r o z o i c P a l e o z o i c

M e s o z o i c

Carboniferous Permian

Jurassic T riassic

150.8 ±4.0 155.7 ±4.0 161.2 ±4.0 164.7 ±4.0

167.7 ±3.5 171.6 ±3.0

175.6 ±2.0

183.0 ±1.5 189.6 ±1.5

196.5 ±1.0

199.6 ±0.6 203.6 ±1.5

216.5 ±2.0 228.0 ±2.0

237.0 ±2.0 245.0 ±1.5

249.7 ±0.7 251.0 ±0.4

318.1 ±1.3

260.4 ±0.7 253.8 ±0.7

265.8 ±0.7 268.0 ±0.7

270.6 ±0.7 275.6 ±0.7

284.4 ±0.7

294.6 ±0.8 299.0 ±0.8 303.9 ±0.9

306.5 ±1.0 311.7 ±1.1

Tithonian Kimmeridgian Oxfordian Callovian

Bajocian Bathonian

Aalenian Toarcian

Pliensbachian Sinemurian Hettangian Rhaetian Norian Carnian Ladinian

Anisian Olenekian Induan

Changhsingian Wuchiapingian Capitanian Wordian Roadian Kungurian Artinskian Sakmarian

Asselian Gzhelian

Kasimovian Moscovian Bashkirian Serpukhovian Visean

Tournaisian

Pennsylvanian

Missis- sippian 359.2 ±2.5 345.3 ±2.1

326.4 ±1.6

374.5 ±2.6 385.3 ±2.6

391.8 ±2.7

397.5 ±2.7 407.0 ±2.8

443.7 ±1.5

436.0 ±1.9 439.0 ±1.8

418.7 ±2.7

Ediacaran

Cryogenian

Tonian Stenian Ectasian Calymmian Statherian Orosirian Rhyacian Siderian

Neoproterozoic

Neoarchean

Mesoarchean Paleoarchean

Eoarchean

Mesoproterozoic

Paleoproterozoic

Archean

Proterozoic P r e c a m b r i a n

Upper

Middle Lower

Selandian

Tortonian Serravallian Langhian Burdigalian

Aquitanian

Ypresian

Chattian Rupelian Priabonian

Danian Thanetian

Bartonian Lutetian

Campanian Santonian

Turonian Coniacian

Albian Aptian

Berriasian

Barremian

Valanginian Hauterivian

Maastrichtian Cenomanian

Piacenzian

Messinian Zanclean

Gelasian

P h a n e r o z o i c C e n o z o i c

M e s o z o i c

70.6 ±0.6 65.5 ±0.3

83.5 ±0.7 85.8 ±0.7

89.3 ±1.0

93.5 ±0.8

40.4 ±0.2 37.2 ±0.1

3.9 ±0.1 28.4 ±0.1

48.6 ±0.2 5.8 ±0.2

58.7 ±0.2

61.7 ±0.2

9.6 ±0.9 112.0 ±1.0

125.0 ±1.0 130.0 ±1.5

136.4 ±2.0

140.2 ±3.0 145.5 ±4.0

Cretaceous

Paleogene

Neogene

System Period

Eonothem Eon Erathem Era Stage Age Age Ma

GSSPEpochSeriesEonothem Eon Erathem Era System Stage Age Age Ma GSSPEpochSeriesPeriod Eonothem Eon Erathem

Era Age Ma

GSSP GSSASystem PeriodEonothem

Eon Era Stage Age Age Ma GSSPEpochSeriesPeriod

Oligocene Eocene

Paleocene

Pliocene Miocene

Pleistocene

Upper Lower

INTERNATIONAL STRATIGRAPHIC CHART International Commission on Stratigraphy

421.3 ±2.6 426.2 ±2.4

Tremadocian

Darriwilian Hirnantian

Paibian

Upper

Middle Lower

Series 3

Stage 3 Stage 2 Stage 1

Stage 5 Stage 6

Stage 7

Stage 9 Stage 10

Stage 2 Stage 3

Stage 5 Stage 6

Stage 4 Series 2

Lower Series

Furongian Cambrian

Ordovician 501.0 ±2.0

460.9 ±1.6

471.8 ±1.6 488.3 ±1.7

542.0 ±1.0

455.8 ±1.6 445.6 ±1.5

468.1 ±1.6 478.6 ±1.7

Lower limit is not defined

Silurian

Erathem System 542359.2 ±2.5145.5 ±4.0

Quaternary *

* proposed by ICS Copyright © 2005 International Commission on Stratigraphy

Subdivisions of the global geologic record are
Standard Section and Point (GSSP), whereas
International chronostratigraphic units, rank,
Numerical ages of the unit boundaries in the
Colors are according to the United States
The listed numerical ages are from 'A Geologic

formally defined by their lower boundary. Each unit of the Phanerozoic (~542 Ma to Present) and the base of Ediacaran are defined by a basal Global Precambrian units are formally subdivided by absolute age (Global Standard Stratigraphic Age, GSSA). Details of each GSSP are posted on the ICS website (w.stratigraphy.org). names and formal status are approved by the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS) and ratified by the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS). Phanerozoic are subject to revision. Some stages within the Ordovician and Cambrian will be formally named upon international agreement on their GSSP limits. Most sub-Series boundaries (e.g., Middle and Upper Aptian) are not formally defined. Geological Survey (USGS). Time Scale 2004', by F.M. Gradstein, J.G. Ogg, A.G. Smith, et al. (2004; Cambridge University Press).

This chart was drafted by Gabi Ogg.

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